What are adverbs?
As the name suggests, Adverbs are adjectives commonly used to describe verbs (adjective + verb = adverb). They are also used to add further information to adjectives as well as other adverbs.
He walked slowly.
This tells us the manner in how he walked.
She often laughs.
In this example the adverb is showing how frequently the verb happens.
Types of Adverb
In English there are 5 types of adverb:-
- Adverbs of degree
- Adverbs of frequency
- Adverbs of manner
- Adverbs of place
- Adverbs of time
Adverbs of Degree
These are used to describe the degree or intensity of an action. These will often be placed before the verb or adjective.
Adverbs of degree examples: very, nearly, almost, hardly, extremely
I have nearly finished studying.
I am extremely tired.
You have hardly eaten anything!
Adverbs of Frequency
These are used to describe how frequently an action happens. These will also usually be placed before the verb or adjective.
Adverbs of frequency examples: usually, often, rarely, sometimes, never,
She often plays basketball on Tuesdays.
They sometimes drink coffee together.
I never forget this!
Adverbs of Manner
We use adverbs of manner to say how a verb is done. Although these will usually come after the verb, we can put them before as well.
Adverbs of manner examples: loudly, quickly, angrily, softly, easily
She kindly gave them each a gift.
They talked quietly in the library.
He played the drums passionately.
Adverbs of Place
Also known as spacial adverbs, these are used to explain where an action happens. These are usually placed after the verb.
Adverbs of place examples: forward, toward, nowhere, everywhere, here
We couldn’t find the dog anywhere.
Keep going forward.
Come over here!
Adverbs of Time
Adverbs of time are used to tell us when an action happened and for how long. These are usually placed at the end of the sentence.
Adverbs of time examples: today, tomorrow, all day, for a while, since yesterday
I will be at work all day.
I have been studying English since 2005.
I will cook dinner later.
How to form Adverbs
For some adverbs you just have to know what they are (this is especially the case with adverbs to do with time and frequency.)
However, as you have seen so far, a lot of the time we can transform an adjective into an adverb by simply adding “ly” to the end of the adjective.
For adjectives that already end in “y” we change the “y” to “i” first (lucky -> luckily).
For adjectives that end with “ic” we add “ally” to the end (energetic -> energetically).
Test what you have learned wit the quiz below: –
Introduction In English, subjects and verbs have to match with regards to the number they represent; this is known as subject verb agreement. For example, if we have a singular subject then we also need a singular verb. He sometimes drinks coffee in the morning. On the other hand, if we have a plural subject…
What Is A Modal Verb? We could go to the cinema. I can speak English. You must read this. A modal verb is used to support another verb and express things such as possibility, ability, permission, request or obligation. In a similar way to other auxiliary verbs, we cannot use modal verbs by themselves, they…
Introduction Find out your estimated vocabulary range with this vocabulary placement test. For each word, simply select which words you “know” or “don’t know” the definition of. At the end, you will be told your estimated passive vocabulary range as well as estimated CEFR level. Enter your email at the end to see your results…
What Is A Compound Noun? A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more separate words (although usually made of just two). house + plant = houseplant Although we can often form these using nouns, there are many methods of construction. You will also notice that compound nouns can be…