‘ed’ endings

ed endings


The ending to regular past simple verbs in English is ‘ed’ (e.g. viewed, ended, looked etc). These ed endings can be pronounced in 3 different ways depending on the ending sound of the verb stem.

/ id / (did)

/ t / (went)

/ d / (send)


1. / id / sound

We use this sound when the verb stem ends with a ‘t‘ or a ‘d‘.

example words:- vented, worded, tempted


2. / t / sound

We use this sound when the verb stem ends with a voiceless sound (s, k, p sounds)

example words:- helped, looked, forced


3. / d / sound

We use this sound when the verb ends with a voiced sound (z, g, b sounds)

example words:- confused, plugged, bombed




Practice exercise

Now try this method out on the list of words below that contain ed endings.

  1. Does the simple present verb have a t / d, voiced or voiceless ending?
  2. Should the -ed ending verb have an / id /, / d / or / t / ending?
  3. How should the word be pronounced?


  1. Talked
  2. Wished
  3. Thanked
  4. Mended
  5. Sniffed
  6. Traded
  7. Walked
  8. Faded
  9. Videoed
  10. Allowed
  11. Jumped
  12. Sailed
  13. Emptied
  14. Waited
  15. Tinted


Spring is here!

A season of new life, of growth. How is your English doing? Still going strong or has it come to a stop? Whatever level it’s at now, there’s still time to get back on track. If your English has “died” then we can bring it back to life and give it a new chance! If…

Continue Reading Spring is here!

Happy New Year!

Make learning English your number 1 new year’s resolution! Make 2019 a year to remember. What will you want to feel proud of at the end of the year? What do you wish you had done? Here’s one tip to try now… Speak English every day! Learning a language is about momentum and habits. Learning…

Continue Reading Happy New Year!

Merry Christmas!

Merry Christmas from English +XP! Hoping that you get everything you want this Christmas and more! Remember if you haven’t got it already, you can still download your free “Supercharge your English Motivation” course! Let’s do a quick vocabulary guide so you know your way around Christmas! 1 .Christmas Tree 2. Santa Claus 3. Rudolph…

Continue Reading Merry Christmas!

Christmas 2018 Competition!

You have the chance to win x3 English lessons, specifically tailored to you. Learn what you want! We can focus on pronunciation, grammar, conversation practise or anything you feel you need to improve.To enter:- Enter your email address below. Simple as that! Conditions The closing date is 01/01/2019 at 12:00 PM (BST).Winners will be notified by…

Continue Reading Christmas 2018 Competition!